All posts by Martin Gilbert

Churchill Addressing Congress

“We’re all in the same boat now.”

Photo: Churchill addressing Congress , 26th December 1941 On December 5, however, Churchill learned from another Enigma decrypt that a German air corps had been ordered from Russia to the Mediterranean, to give Rommel the extra air support he had so strongly requested. Britain’s battle in the Western Desert had

Balfour Declaration

THE BALFOUR DECLARATION

In the autumn of 1917, the British War Cabinet, desperate to persuade the Jews of Russia to urge their government to renew Russia’s flagging war effort, saw a future Jewish Palestine as an inducement and stimulus to the patriotic zeal of Russia’s Jews. To this end, Britain encouraged the possibility

Churchill photo

Now They Listen to Churchill

Photo: Churchill at Chartwell, taken on 25 February 1939 and published in the New York Times magazine on 13 August 1939. “Somebody has to state the truth” One of Churchill’s main fears during the 1930s was that the British Government was not putting sufficient resources into anti-aircraft defence. … On

Adam-Czerniakow

“From Warsaw to Treblinka”

Photo : Adam Czerniakow, Chairman of the Warsaw Ghetto Jewish Council. 1942: On July 21 the Germans seized sixty Jews in the Warsaw ghetto, among them three members of the Jewish Council. At the same time, a number of Jews were shot in the streets, or in their homes. On

map - The Dieppe Raid

Dieppe, 19 August 1942, From Esther Gilbert

Photo: Dieppe raid, The battle 19th August 1942 As the thousands of Warsaw’s Jews were being deported to their deaths in Treblinka in the summer of 1942, 1700 kilometers to the West, the Allies were desperate to establish a toe-hold in Europe and take pressure off German-occupied Russia on the

Martin with refuseniks (1)

Sir Martin & The Refuseniks

Photo: Refuseniks meet with British historian and Soviet Jewry advocate Martin Gilbert in Moscow in 1985. From left: Oksana Kholmyansky, Yuli Kosharovsky, Alexander Ioffe, Martin Gilbert. Front row: Mikhail Kholmyansky. Collection of Mikhail Kholmyansky. This July sees the long-awaited publication of Yuli Kosharovsky’s book We Are Jews Again, Jewish Activism in

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On The Somme

Photo: Sir Martin taking notes of names and inscriptions on the wooden crosses of the German soldiers buried there; note Jewish gravestone among the crosses. Fricourt German Cemetery, the Somme In November 2004 Martin and I spent a few days on the Somme battlefield in France. He was doing the

German-dominated Europe 6 June 44

The Normandy Landings

The largest amphibious landing yet carried out in war took place on 6 June 1944, when American, British and Canadian troops fought their way ashore, as the first stage of the planned liberation of German-occupied western Europe. Of the 150,000 men who came in from the air by parachute and

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“The Dilemmas Of Victory”

Photo: Moshe Dayan and Yitzhak Rabin, June 1967 In the immediate aftermath of the Six Day War, a debate began inside Israel that was to continue for the next three decades: how to rule, and for how long to rule, the Palestinian Arabs. The Cabinet position was that for “full