Blog: Sir Martin's writing

Churchill Addressing Congress

“We’re all in the same boat now.”

Photo: Churchill addressing Congress , 26th December 1941 On December 5, however, Churchill learned from another Enigma decrypt that a German air corps had been ordered from Russia to the Mediterranean, to give Rommel the extra air support he had so strongly requested. Britain’s battle in the Western Desert had

Balfour Declaration

THE BALFOUR DECLARATION

In the autumn of 1917, the British War Cabinet, desperate to persuade the Jews of Russia to urge their government to renew Russia’s flagging war effort, saw a future Jewish Palestine as an inducement and stimulus to the patriotic zeal of Russia’s Jews. To this end, Britain encouraged the possibility

Churchill photo

Now They Listen to Churchill

Photo: Churchill at Chartwell, taken on 25 February 1939 and published in the New York Times magazine on 13 August 1939. “Somebody has to state the truth” One of Churchill’s main fears during the 1930s was that the British Government was not putting sufficient resources into anti-aircraft defence. … On

Adam-Czerniakow

“From Warsaw to Treblinka”

Photo : Adam Czerniakow, Chairman of the Warsaw Ghetto Jewish Council. 1942: On July 21 the Germans seized sixty Jews in the Warsaw ghetto, among them three members of the Jewish Council. At the same time, a number of Jews were shot in the streets, or in their homes. On

German-dominated Europe 6 June 44

The Normandy Landings

The largest amphibious landing yet carried out in war took place on 6 June 1944, when American, British and Canadian troops fought their way ashore, as the first stage of the planned liberation of German-occupied western Europe. Of the 150,000 men who came in from the air by parachute and

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“The Dilemmas Of Victory”

Photo: Moshe Dayan and Yitzhak Rabin, June 1967 In the immediate aftermath of the Six Day War, a debate began inside Israel that was to continue for the next three decades: how to rule, and for how long to rule, the Palestinian Arabs. The Cabinet position was that for “full

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“Jerusalem Under Siege, 1948”

From the moment of Israel’s declaration of independence on 14 May 1948, Jerusalem – the capital city of the new nation – was besieged, as Arab forces, determined to crush the Jewish state at birth, cut off its main city from the remainder of the country. The only link between

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“Churchill and Zionism”

On 8 May 1945 the war in Europe came to an end. Six million Jews had been murdered; hundreds of thousands of pitiful survivors craved to be allowed to go at once to Palestine, and to rebuild their shattered lives in the Jewish National Home – a refuge which had

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A History of Jews in Muslim Lands   

“This book is dedicated to the 13 million Jews and the 1,300 million Muslims in the world in the hope that they may renew in the Twenty-First Century the mutual tolerance, respect and partnership that marked many periods in their history” The conquests of Islam made Jews subjects of Arab

Churchill's first wartime broadcast on 1st October 1939

Winston Churchill, The Wilderness Years

… in a fifteen minute broadcast to the United States on 8 August 1939, a broadcast spiced with irony, Churchill began: “Holiday time, ladies and gentlemen! Holiday time, my friends across the Atlantic! Holiday time, when the summer calls the toilers of all countries for an all too brief spell

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“Let us take the rough with the smooth”

Throughout his long life, Winston Churchill understood the power of words. In public speeches, in published books, in newspaper and magazine articles, he expressed his feelings and laid out his vision for the future. His descriptions of the wars that he fought in between 1897 and 1900 were read with

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From Esther Gilbert

In 1962 Sir Martin spent the summer driving through the United States, returning in 1965 as a visiting scholar at the University of South Carolina. It was during these early visits that he developed a love for American history and geography in all their aspects. His Routledge Atlas of American History

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“Last Testament” From Esther Gilbert

In 2006, Martin, who had been appointed a Distinguished Fellow at Hillsdale College in Michigan, was there speaking on “What Did Democracy Mean to Winston Churchill”.  After his lecture, I made my way up to him. The moment he spotted me, he called out to me and turned to a gentleman standing next

German soldiers invading Poland in 1939

POLAND 1939

©Martin Gilbert, 2009 First Published in The Observer There can have been few more skilful cover-ups in British history than the story of the British Government’s efforts to force the Poles to give up territory to Germany on the very eve of the Second World War. When Neville Chamberlain, who